Unitive Justice

  Lovingkindness in action. 



Unitive justice is a values-based system

of justice that has no punitive elements—

it replaces structures like hierarchy, judgment and punishment with the structures of inclusion, connection and mutually beneficial action. 

Lovingkindness is the moral principle upon which unitive justice is grounded. It is not moral to harm others, in any circumstances, so other answers are offered. 

Unitive Justice offers those in conflict the opportunity to achieve mutual understanding and recognize their shared humanity. 

Looking at Unitive Justice, structure by structure and as a whole, helps us begin to imagine how to create a viable, parallel model of justice based on love, not fear; on unity, not duality. Unitive Justice is justice as love.

We can understand a unitive system from various perspectives, one of which is to consider the Fourteen Arcs to Unitive Justice listed below. The Arcs provide a guide for going from a punitive system to

a Unitive Community.

1.  From Proportional Revenge/Harm Answers Harm to Lovingkindness/Heal, Do No Harm

2. From Rules to Values

3. From Compliance to Mutually Beneficial Action

4. From Punishment to Connection

5. From Judgment to Insight

6. From Event to Context

7. From Control to Self-Governance

8. From Self-Interest to Community

9. From Hierarchy to Equality/Inclusion

10.  From Deception to Honesty

11. From Distrust to Trust 

12.  From Opposition/Confrontation to Synergy

13. From Fear to Love

14. From Duality to Unity

Gandhi, King and Mandela showed us how lovingkindness and justice are integrally linked. Justice, in the true sense, does not involve violence.

The Alliance for Unitive Justice is a non-profit that provides Unitive Justice training and services. 

An Introduction to Unitive Justice

When we use the word "justice," what do we mean? Fairness . . .  revenge . . . forgiveness . . . retribution? While these terms are all used to describe justice, they are inconsistent because there are two fundamentally different types of justice being described: punitive justice that seeks retribution versus Unitive Justice that embodies lovingkindness.

The punitive model of justice is based on the moral principle proportional revenge, as in "an eye for an eye." Unitive Justice is based on the moral principle of lovingkindness--whatever the circumstances, harming another is not condoned as moral. The internal moral consistency of Unitive Justice constitutes a powerful foundation without which a system of justice is inherently flawed and inevitably inconsistent.


When a conflict is addressed using a process grounded on the principles of Unitive Justice, the conflict is the subject of the process and those who have been impacted by the harmful act come together to discover what they can do to restore the connection and harmony that has been breached. Unitive Justice offers those impacted by the harmful act an opportunity to be the solution by restoring connection and addressing root causes.

Unitive Justice calls us to rise to a level beyond the norm. Here, a generosity of spirit may be extended that, in turn, diminishes any desire for retribution or revenge. What may be experienced as a loss in a punitive process when it is imposed (such as restitution or a required apology) may be willingly offered in the spirit of generosity in a Unitive Justice process. A giving and receiving to and from one another tends to flow naturally, leading to a mutually beneficial outcome that restores balance. 

As life lives through us, what we are being and doing is what we experience. By building a Unitive Justice system and holding true to it, we achieve both a different experience and a new outcome. It is a path to strong communities and lasting peace. 

Restorative Justice Can be Based on the Principles of Unitive Justice

Unitive Justice falls within the large umbrella of restorative justice, but at the "best practices" end of the spectrum because it has no punitive elements. Restorative justice assumes that conflict is an opportunity for healing and even transformation, but some "blended models" of RJ retain elements of the punitive system, while Unitive Justice does not.

This video is an example of a restorative justice process in a burglary case in England. It demonstrates how an alternative model of justice that seeks restoration, instead of retribution, can result in a more effective outcome. After Will (whom Peter had robbed) helped Peter turn his life around, Peter (the one who caused the harm) now devotes his life to helping other offenders turn their lives around--a far better outcome at a fraction of the cost!

In the video below, Sylvia Clute explains more about unitive justice. The video was made by Bruce Baumann following a Unitive Justice workshop in Colorado.